CHF Prognosis

All of the following laboratory findings are independent predictors of shorter survival in advanced heart failure, except:

a) Anemia
b) Elevated BUN and/or creatinine
c) Hypomagnesemia
d) Hyponatremia

Answer: c.

Anemia, elevated BUN/creatinine and low sodium are all common in heart failure and are independent survival prognostic factors.

See Fast Fact #143: CHF